During the Conquest of Luzon by Adelantado Miguel Legazpi in 1571, Bulacan was reported to be well populated and rich. Initially there were only six encomiendas under the rule of the Alcalde Mayor in Bulacan: Calumpit (then an independent Alcaldia) Bulakan, Malolos, Meycauayan, Binto (present-day Plaridel), Guiguinto, and Caluya (present-day Balagtas). The encomiendas were later organized into Pueblos (towns). The first pueblo established in Bulacan was the town of Calumpit, founded by Agustinian friars in 1575. Calumpit was also the birthplace of Christianity historcal documents told that Calumpit is a different and separated in Bulacan comprising the Provincia de Calonpite y Hagonoy together with Apalit.A time came,in 1578 Alcaldia de Calumpit and it was dissolved and annexed to Provincia de Bulacan. It has been said that in 1578 the Augustinians conquered Bulacan (the town after which the province was named).[original research?]The province of Bulacan (named Meycauayan it its antiquity), is on the island of Luzon, and is one of the most important “Alcadia de Termino”, Civil and politically it corresponds to the Audiencia y capitanía general de Filipinas, and spiritually belongs to the Archbishop of Manila. The Franciscan friars Juan Plasencia and Fray Diego de Oropesa founded Meycauayan in the same year, and for a time it was the capital; people were able to flourish, and became so rich that the sons are six of the best in the province (Bocaue, Polo, San Jose del Monte, Santa Maria de Pandi, Obando and Marilao). On the other hand Malolos also under Augustinian Order.During Spanish Period already existed as a Chinese settlement bearing the name Li-han,in which those people are rich tagalogs and Chinese who are excellent in commerce and trade was conquered by Spanish conquistador and constituted as Royal Encomienda by Adelantado Miguel Lopez de Legaspi in November 14, 1571 under Jeronimo Tirado and Marcos de Herrera. The oldest document mentioning Malolos as a Civil Town can be found in Augustinian documents when the town of Malolos was accepted by the Augustinians to be its House of Order in June 11, 1580. Augustinians missionaries renamed the village of Lihan as Malolos a Pueblo or Town with its own Gobernadorcillo on 1580.
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